Everything You Need to Know About Lighting

Illuminate Your Knowledge

In our daily lives, lighting quietly takes center stage, influencing every aspect of our surroundings. It goes beyond merely brightening a room; it wields a transformative power that shapes our mood, productivity, and the overall ambiance of a space. Lighting is not just about visibility; it's about metamorphosing a place into a haven that feels just right.

From dictating our daily rhythms to evoking a sense of calm or energy, lighting plays a pivotal role in how we perceive the world. In this post, we will delve into the fundamental elements of lighting, spanning from the basics to intricate design principles capable of transforming any space into a well-lit and inviting environment. Whether you're a seasoned professional seeking deeper insights or someone looking to make their living spaces cozier, this guide serves as your gateway to unraveling how lighting can illuminate your world.

by BJ Take on 23-11-27 2:55PM
BJ Take Project Example Photo 1

I. The Fundamentals of Lighting

1.1 Grasping Ambient, Task, and Accent Lighting

Lighting can be classified into three primary types: ambient, task, and accent. Each serves a distinct purpose in crafting a well-balanced and functional lighting design. Understanding the interplay between these different types of lighting is crucial for achieving the desired atmosphere in a given space.

1.2 Attaining the Right Equilibrium

Striking the correct balance between ambient, task, and accent lighting is paramount. An excess of one type can lead to discomfort or visual imbalance. This section delves into the art of balancing different lighting elements to create a harmonious and inviting environment.

II. Natural versus Artificial Lighting

The synergy between natural and artificial lighting is a critical consideration in establishing a well-balanced and visually appealing environment. Grasping the characteristics, advantages, and drawbacks of each lighting type enables informed decisions that contribute to the overall ambiance of a space.

2.1 Natural Lighting

Dynamic and ever-changing, the use of natural light in indoor spaces offers benefits beyond mere illumination. It positively influences our circadian rhythm, fostering better sleep and enhancing mood. The color temperature of natural light shifts throughout the day, creating a dynamic and visually stimulating atmosphere. Harnessing natural light involves strategic placement of windows, skylights, and other openings to maximize its presence, though it remains subject to external factors such as weather and time of day.

2.2 Artificial Lighting

In spaces where natural light is limited, artificial lighting becomes essential. The selection of artificial lighting sources plays a pivotal role in determining the overall mood and functionality of a space. Various options, including LED, fluorescent, incandescent, and halogen lights, each offer distinct characteristics. For instance, LED lights are very energy-efficient and offer a long service life, while incandescent lights historically provided the warmer tones that were deemed suitable for creating cozy atmospheres. However, many research and development breakthroughs in LED technology have dramatically increased its versatility over the past decade, making it the preferred lighting source for almost any modern artificial lighting application.

2.3 Comparisons: Natural versus Artificial Lighting

Dynamic Qualities: Natural light offers dynamic changes in intensity and color temperature throughout the day, fostering a connection with the external environment. Artificial lighting, while adjustable, may lack the nuanced changes that come with natural light. Consistency: Artificial lighting provides consistent illumination regardless of external factors such as weather or time-of-day. Natural light, on the other hand, can be influenced by external conditions, necessitating additional artificial lighting for consistent brightness. Circadian Rhythm Impact: Natural light has a more significant impact on regulating circadian rhythms due to its dynamic qualities. Artificial lighting with adjustable color temperatures can be tailored to support circadian health, but may not fully replicate the natural daylight cycle. The impact of artificial light sources and its ability to influence circadian rhythm is a field of significant ongoing scientific research.

III. Lighting for Different Spaces

3.1 Kitchen Task Lighting

In the kitchen, task lighting is imperative for precision. Utilize under-cabinet LED lights for focused illumination on countertops, and consider pendant lights for style. Choose warmer color temperatures for a cozy atmosphere or cooler tones for enhanced focus.

3.2 Ambiance in Living Rooms

Living rooms demand adaptable lighting. Employ ambient lighting for overall brightness and accent lighting for coziness. Incorporate dimmers to adjust intensity based on activities and moods.

3.3 Task Lighting for Offices

Offices typically require area and task lighting to help reduce eye strain. Area lighting provides overall space illumination, while desk lamps can help to minimize screen glare and shadows. Select LED lights with suitable color temperatures, and leverage natural light near windows.

3.4 Tranquil Lighting in Bedrooms

Create a balance in bedrooms with ambient lighting and focused bedside lighting. Opt for warmer color temperatures to enhance relaxation and aid the body’s natural cycle of preparing for sleep. Explore smart lighting for convenient control.

3.5 Inviting Lighting in Dining Areas

Dining areas benefit from a focal point like a pendant light or chandelier above the table. Supplement with wall sconces for warmth. Dimmable lights offer flexibility for different dining occasions.

3.6 Manufacturing and Warehousing

High-paced busy workspaces that often have heavy equipment and machinery interacting with employees require special consideration. In these applications, maintaining even light levels with low glare are critical to ensuring the safety of workers while the production and movement of goods take place in the facility. High-bay LED lighting fixtures with low glare optics and lenses that provide cooler colour temperatures to enhance employee alertness are favourable in these applications. Including smart lighting controls to safely implement dimming strategies, occupancy sensor control and logical scheduling to mitigate unnecessary energy usage. Natural lighting supplementation is a great way to further improve the safety of these types of spaces.

Tailoring lighting to each space and application addresses not only functional needs but also enhances the aesthetic appeal of your home, office, or business space. Experiment with lighting fixtures and layering for a cohesive and visually pleasing environment.

IV. Lighting Design Principles

Effective lighting design is an intricate blend of various elements that extend beyond mere functionality. Understanding and implementing these principles can transform any space into a visually appealing and well-lit environment.

4.1 Focal Points and Visual Interest

Creating focal points through strategic lighting draws attention to specific areas or objects in a room. Consider accent lighting to highlight artworks, architectural features, or other points of interest. This not only adds visual interest but also contributes to the overall atmosphere of the space.

4.2 Balancing Light and Shadow

Achieving a harmonious balance between light and shadow is essential for a dynamic and visually pleasing environment. Properly balanced lighting avoids overly bright or dim areas, creating a comfortable and inviting atmosphere. Experiment with different light sources and placements to achieve the desired balance.

4.3 Layered Lighting for Depth

Layering different types of lighting, such as ambient, task, and accent lighting, adds depth and dimension to a room. Ambient lighting establishes the overall brightness, task lighting provides functional illumination, and accent lighting contributes to mood and aesthetics. Combining these layers creates a versatile and adaptable lighting scheme.

4.4 Contrast for Dramatic Effects

Intentional contrast in lighting can create dramatic effects. Play with light and shadow to emphasize architectural elements or create focal points. Consider using directional spotlights to cast focused beams of light, creating striking contrasts and adding drama to specific areas of a room.

4.5 Color Rendering and Atmosphere

Understanding colour rendering is crucial for setting the desired atmosphere. Different light sources can affect how colours appear in a space. Natural light enhances colour accuracy, while artificial lighting can introduce colour shift. Consider this when choosing lighting for spaces where colour accuracy is essential, such as art studios or retail environments.

4.6 Adaptability with Dimmers and Controls

Incorporating dimming and lighting controls improves the versatility and adaptability of your space. Dimmers allow for adjusting the intensity of light based on the time of day, activities, or moods. Smart lighting controls, including motion sensors and programmable systems, add a layer of convenience and efficiency to the overall lighting design. By incorporating these lighting design principles, you can elevate your space beyond mere functionality, creating an environment that is both visually engaging and purposefully lit. Experiment with different techniques and different types of light fixtures to discover the perfect balance for each unique space in your home or workspace.


Lighting is an unsung hero that breathes life into our spaces, influencing our emotions, productivity, and the overall atmosphere of a room. Whether you're an experienced designer seeking deeper insights or someone on a quest to make their home or workspace shine, BJ Take is here to help brighten your path. With a commitment to quality and an understanding of the transformative potential of thoughtful lighting, BJ Take stands ready to illuminate your world. Please get in touch with us for assistance with all your lighting needs!